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     author = {Brinker, Christian and Loza Menc{\'{\i}}a, Eneldo and F{\"{u}}rnkranz, Johannes},
      month = dec,
      title = {Graded Multilabel Classification by Pairwise Comparisons},
  booktitle = {2014 IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM 2014)},
       year = {2014},
      pages = {731--736},
  publisher = {Curran Associates, IEEE},
    address = {Shenzhen, China},
       issn = {1550-4786},
       isbn = {978-1-4799-4303-6},
        url = {www.ke.tu-darmstadt.de/publications/papers/ICDM14graded.pdf},
        doi = {10.1109/ICDM.2014.102},
   abstract = {The task in multilabel classification is to predict for a given set of labels whether each individual label should be attached to an instance or not. Graded multilabel classification generalizes this setting by allowing to specify for each label a degree of membership on an ordinal scale. This setting can be frequently found in practice, for example when movies or books are assessed on a one-to-five star rating in multiple categories. In this paper, we propose to reformulate the problem in terms of preferences between the labels and their scales, which then be tackled by learning from pairwise comparisons. We present three different approaches which make use of this decomposition and show on three datasets that we are able to outperform baseline approaches. In particular, we show that our solution, which is able to model pairwise preferences across multiple scales, outperforms a straight-forward approach which considers the problem as a set of independent ordinal regression tasks.}